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bruxelles and ghent became two of its largest industrial cities. [bells ringing] we can catch a realistic glimpse of flemish urban life through the window of religious paintings, such as this madonna by robert campin. in italy, 15th-century artists used perspective and the study of antiquity to depict a suitable setting for their religious paintings. by contrast, a northern painter such as campin in his merode altarpiece, saw no great divide between the past and present, between the look of antiquity and the late medieval world. joseph, in his carpenter's workshop, is depicted with detailed realism-- the tools of his trade and the townscape visible through the window. one sign of bruge's success as a trading center was s wealthy communit of italian merchants and bankers. out of this community came the most famous wedding portrait in western art. here in 1434, jan van eyck shows giovanni arnolfini, a hugely wealthy italian moneylender and tapestry dealer to duke philip the good of burgundy. he's about to marry an equally wealthy young italian, giovanna cenami, whose family lived in france,
over the period of the next year. we cut back on nearly all of our services. the priorities of the city were to maintain police and fire services. that meant that as you got down the line, libraries and parks were severely cut back. tree trimming went out the window, except on emergency street repair... the things that make a difference in your daily life. dire predictions that permeated the campaign byhe opponents of prop 13-- they didn't come true. there were not massive employee layoffs. there was enough flexibility in government to handle the direct impact of 13. there was not an immediate crisis in government. the changes were more subtle. the government did not grind to a halt. despite the feeling thathe taxpayers had come out ahead, the biggest winners from prop 13-- other consequences surprised some voters. i think this is very important-- was california business and california agriculture. as i recall, if one was creating a pie chart, you'd say in this chart that about 1/3 of the benefits from 13 went to homeowners. 2/3 went to business and agriculture. one group that did lose,
city in america and in the world." the fed responded by raising its discount rate, foing erananksusup rate of ints the fed responded bypaid to their depositors.e, the result -- foreign investors earned more interest and were enticed to leave their money in u.s. banks. the strategy worked. confidence in the dollar was restored and the gold drain was plugged. but there were other, more serious ramifications. dr. edward bernstein, formerly principal economist, u.s. treasury department. britain was the most important trading country in the world. if they let the value of sterling fall, say, relative to the dollar and the franc, it meant that britain would be exporting much more and importing much less. we would be losing exports to the british and we would be swamped by british goods. our farmers, who were already having great difficulty, suddenly were confronted with a big drop in the price of cotton, wheat, and other agricultural exports. this was a great blow to the united states. schoumacher: the loss in exports forced many manufacturing plants to close. thousands more jobs were lost,
Search Results 0 to 2 of about 3